Terpsichore the “Whirler” is the muse of dancing and is often seen dancing with her lyre and a plectrum, an instrument used for plucking stringed instruments. By the river god Achelous, she bore the Sirens.
And when Terpsichore, with iris-plume,
Bade o’er her lute her rosy fingers fly;
‘T was pleasure all – the fawns in mingled choirs,
Glanced on the willing nymphs their wanton fires,
Joy shook his glittering pinions as he flew;
The shout of rapture and the song of bliss,
The sportive titter and the melting kiss,
All blended with the smile, that shone like early dew.
Thalia (Thaleia) the “Flourishing” is the muse of comedy and of playful and idyllic poetry, and is seen with a comic mask.
She is sometimes seen with a crown of ivy and a crook. By Apollo, Thalia had the Corybantes, priests who castrated themselves in identification with the goddess, Cybele.
How light the strain when, decked in vernal bloom,
Thalia tuned her lyre of melody.
Urania the “Heavenly” is the muse of astronomy and is represented by a staff pointed at a celestial globe. She foretells the future by the position of the stars.
Urania, o’er her star-bespangled lyre,
With touch of majesty diffused her soul;
A thousand tones, that in the breast inspire,
Exalted feelings, o er the wires ‘gan roll –
She sang of night that clothed the infant world,
In strains as solemn as its dark profound –
How at the call of Jove the mist unfurled,
And o’er the swelling vault–the glowing sky,
The new-born stars hung out their lamps on high,
And rolled their mighty orbs to music’s sweetest sound.