3. The splashing manoeuvres – are done with front of the palms and fingers, which fall softly on the area to be massaged, alternatively or simultaneously.
The movements are supple and alert, and they are applied on larger and less sensitive areas, such as the back, the thighs, and the shanks.
The intensity of the strokes depends entirely on the weight of the masseurs hands and on the height from which the hands fall.
4. The percussion manoeuvres are done with the slightly bent tips of the fingers, with both hands, the palms being oriented towards the area we massage.
The movement is done simultaneously or alternatively from the wrist, in an intense and alert rhythm, with a low intensity.
The technique of this manoeuvre can be altered, changing its rhythm and following the stroke with a short and smooth gliding, as in “brushing”.
The usual percussion is applied mostly on the back and thorax, and the gliding is characteristic to the abdominal wall.
It is also possible to do a very specific percussion, almost in one point, with the tip of one finger or two.
THE EFFECTS OF THE BATTEMENT
- It mobilizes the lipids and intervenes in the decrease of the adipose tissue.
- It acts mechanically on the vaso-motor nerves, which leads to the increase of the blood flow in the massaged area.
- The echo of the battement methods is also reflected on the peripheral
ramifications of the sensitive and motor nerves. We note thus that the effects are triggered mechanically and are completed in a reflex manner, so their precise delimitation is unfounded from a physiological point
- The excitation of the somatic sensitive nerves is followed in time by the decrease of the pain sensitivity.
- The excitation of the nervous motor fibres determines a rapid contraction of the muscular fibres due to the phasic moto-neurons, and a slow contraction manifested through the increase of the tonus through the tonic moto-neurons.
- The degree of the contraction depends solely on the rhythm and intensity with which the battement manoeuvres are applied. Thus, the strokes with low
intensity and slow rhythm are followed by partial contractions, without causing a mechanical effort.
- A more rapid rhythm and increased intensity of the manoeuvres involves a larger number of muscular fibres and thus the contraction created is ampler, but still without mechanical effort.
- Performed slowly and rhythmically, the strokes stimulate the physiological properties of the muscles (excitability, contractibility, conductibility) and increase their functionality.
- The battement manoeuvres are highly used in self-massage, because the intensity of the strokes can be thus properly adjusted.
- This massage technique is recommended in the treatment of muscular atrophy, atony, and insufficiency, symptoms usually manifested after various traumas.
- The battement manoeuvres are not recommended in the cases of symptoms involving pain (contractions, spasms, or muscular tiredness).
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